The Eravikulam National Park is supposed to possess the maximum population of the endangered Nilgiri Tahr in the world. The national park is settled in the higher altitudes of the Western Ghats in Kerala.The park has several beautiful perennial streams and also the landscape is interspersed with grasslands, shrubs, and forests.The foliage is typical to the Western Ghats and mostly comprises of verdant forests while the terrain above 2000 meters is covered with grasslands.
The park encompasses about 132 species of birds and 101 different kinds of butterflies.The Atlas Moth, which is the largest of its kind in the entire world, also exists in the park.Almost 26 species of mammals and 19 species of amphibians have been observed in the Park.
A high rolling hill plateau forms the major portion of the park and Anamudi (2695 meters) is the highest southern peak of Himalayas that is located within the park.Some of the major attractions of the National Park include the Nilgiri Tahr. Nilgiri Tahr is a sanctuary that was built to protect the endangered species of Nilgiri Tahr. These species are common to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern part of the Western Ghats.
The Eravikulam National Park is said to have the largest population of the Nilgiri Tahrs and as per records, they are 750 in numbers.The flora of the area includes grasslands, shrub lands and forests. You will find the shrub neelakurunji (phlebophyllum kunthianum) and antibacterial eupatorium glandulosum inside the park.
The fauna of the park includes various animals like Gaur, Indian muntjac, sambar deer, golden jackal, jungle cat, wild dog, dhole, leopard, tiger, Nilgiri langur, stripe-necked mongoose, Indian porcupine, nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and funambulus sublineatus, dusky striped squirrel and elephants.
The exact location of the park is in the Devikulam Taluk of the Idukki District in the state of Kerala and the nearest town is Munnar. The Eravikulam National Parks spreads to an area of about 97 square kilometers.The easiest route to reach the park is considered to be via the nearest airport which is in Cochin and the nearest railhead, which is in the Aluva district of Ernakulam.The motor able road to reach the park should be taken via the headquarter Rajamalai, which is at a distance of 15 kilometers from Munnar.From Rajamalai, one can also easily travel on foot for about 18 kilometers to reach the national park.
The time that is considered best to visit the National Park is between the months of January and March. Otherwise, the park remains open for travelers all throughout the year.The park receives quite an amount of rainfall and travelers must be prepared for sudden rainfalls that might occur.There are six mini buses that are operated by the staff of the park as part of the visitor-management program.Munnar which is a major tourist attraction offers plenty of natural bounties along with activities like boating, trekking, parasailing, hot air ballooning and camping to explore.